Reports etc. (Gray Literature) Relevant to the

Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge


This web page provides links to various relatively obscure or hard-to-get documents.

Comments should be sent to


Toxics and pesticides:

  • Imlay and Winger (1980?) Effects of copper pesticide applications on apple snails

Phosphorus and water quality in the Refuge:

  • Richardson et al. (1990) Intensive water quality and hydrology study
  • Nearhoof (1992) Review of impacts of phosphorus on the Everglades
  • Walker and Jewell (1997) Atmospheric deposition

Hydrology of the Refuge and relationship of hydrology and vegetative communities:

  • Pope (1991) Sediment chemistry and hydrology effects on vegetation
  • Hagenbuck et al. (1974) Effects of hydrology on vegetative communities
  • Neidrauer (2004) Regulation schedules
  • Heaney and Huber (1971) History and description of water conservation areas
  • US Army Corps of Engineers Jacksonville District (1994) EA for regulation schedule modification
  • Lin (1979) Water quality model of the water conservation areas
  • Lin and Gregg (1988) Refuge water budget

Reports related to Refuge periphyton and the impact of mineral content on species composition:

  • Browder et al. (1991) Everglades periphyton distribution
  • Swift (1984) Periphyton-water quality relationships
  • Swift and Nicholas (1987) Periphyton-water quality relationships

Refuge geology and groundwater

  • Scott (1976) Palm Beach County aquifer
  • Miller (1988) Study of the surficial aquifer and soils of Palm Beach County


  • Waldon (2005) Timeline for the Refuge



Citations and document links:


Browder, J. A., Gleason, P. J., and Swift, D. R. "Periphyton in the Everglades: Spatial Variation, Environmental Correlates, and Ecological Implications." Proceedings of Everglades Symposium, Key Largo, FL 1989, available at, 76 pp. +.

Hagenbuck, W. W., Thompson, R., and Rodgers, D. P. (1974). "A Preliminary Investigation of the Effects of Water Levels on Vegetative Communities of Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge." USFWS, available at available at

Heaney, J. P., and Huber, W. C. (1971). "Hydrologic reconnaissance of Conservation Areas One, Two, and Three of the Central and Southern Florida Project." DRE-11, available at, Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Imlay, M. J., and Winger, P. V. (1980?). "Loxahatchee Apple Snail -- Copper Problem." USFWS report on file, available at

Lin, S., and Gregg, R. (1988). "Water Budget Analysis: Water Conservation Area 1." DRE 245, available at, South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach, FL.

Lin, S. S. T. (1979). "The application of the Receiving Water Quantity Model to the Conservation Areas of South Florida." DRE-91, available at, South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach, FL.

Miller, W. L. (1988). "Description and evaluation of the effects of urban and agricultural development on the surficial aquifer system, Palm Beach County, Florida." Water Resources Investigations Report 88-4056, available at, USGS in cooperation with Palm Beach County, Tallahassee, FL.

Nearhoof, F. L. (1992). "Nutrient-induced Impacts and Water Quality Violations in the Florida Everglades." available at, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Water Quality Technical Series.

Neidrauer, C. J. (2004). "Water Conservation Area Regulation Schedules." available at <>.

Pope, K. R. (1991). "The relationship of vegetation to sediment chemistry and water level variance on the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge," Master of Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, available at

Richardson, J. R., Bryant, W. L., Kitchens, W. M., Mattson, J. E., and Pope, K. R. (1990). "An evaluation of refuge habitats and relationships to water quality, quantity, and hydroperiod: A synthesis report." available at, Florida Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville.

Scott, W. B. (1976). "Hydraulic Conductivity and Water Quality of the Shallow Aquifer Palm Beach County, Florida." WRI-76-119, USGS.

Swift, D. R. (1984). "Periphyton and water quality relationships in the Everglades water conservation aress." Environments of South Florida Present and Past II, P. J. Gleason, ed., Miami Geological Society, Coral Gables, FL, 97-117, available at

Swift, D. R., and Nicholas, R. B. (1987). "Periphyton and water quality relationships in the Everglades Water Conservation Areas: 1978-1982." DRE 233, available at, South Florida Water Management District, West Palm Beach, FL.

US Army Corps of Engineers Jacksonville District. (1994). "Environmental Assessment: Modification of the Regulation Schedule Water Conservation Area No. 1." available at, US Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville, FL.

Waldon, M. G. (2005). "Timeline of historic and environmental events relevant to the hydrology and water quality in the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge." currently available at, USFWS, Boynton Beach, FL.

Walker, W. W., and Jewell, S. D. (1997). "Atmospheric deposition of phosphorus in Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge." Atmospheric Deposition in South Florida: Measuring Net Atmospheric Inputs of Nutrients, South Florida Water Management District, available at



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(last modified December 5, 2005)